732 AD-741 AD The Byzantine Eastern Roman Empire was under threat of invasion from the then powerful military of the Umayyad Caliphate in Iraq-Arabia-Syria that became a giant empire in a very short time. Ruling from 717 AD-741 AD was Byzantine Emperor Leo III (675 AD-741 AD), called the Turk from the mountains of Syria. In 730s Leo III was in a panic in fear of the Caliphate, and sent a representative to Bihar, the Khagan ruler of the KHAZARS for help, as the KHAZARS had been at war with the Umayyad Caliphate for years. The KHAZARS agreed and an alliance was made. Part of the alliance was that the KHAZAR Khagan would send his daughter Tzitzak, a KHAZAR PRINCESS, to marry Constantine V, Leo III’s son and also junior co-ruler with Leo III. At that time Constantine was a child in his pre-teens. So in fact KHAZAR Khagan Bihar was the grandfather of Emperor Leo IV the Khazar, and BIHAR was called Viharos (angry, thunderous, and rough) by Armenian sources. In 755 AD Tzitzak was escorted to Constantinople for her marriage to Constantine who was about fourteen years old, while Tzitzak may have been even younger (perhaps 11 to 13 years old) as she did not give birth for eighteen years in 750 AD. Tzitzak became a Christian under the baptismal name Irene. Tzitzak’s wedding gown became famous, starting a new fashion craze in Constantinople for male robes called tzitzakia. Tzitzak or Irene the KHAZAR learned to read religious texts and was described as quietly religious which contrasts with her husband, Constantine.

741 AD Leo III died and Constantine V became sole Emperor with Khazar Empress Irene as effectively the reigning queen. However, civil war broke out almost immediately as Artabasdos, brother-in-law of Constantine V, claimed the throne for himself. The civil war lasted until late 743 AD.

750 AD Constantine and Tzitzak had a son, Leo IV, who would succeed his father as Emperor and was better known as “Leo the Khazar”. Irene lived to the year 803 AD and served as co-ruler with her son for a time.

751 AD LEO IV was crowned co-emperor by his father at age 1. Leo was originally betrothed to Gisela, daughter of Pepin the Short (King of Franks succeeded by his son Charlemagne) but the contract was broken. Leo then married Irene, a Khazar princess from a noble Khazar family December 769 AD.

775 AD Constantine V died, leaving Leo, the KHAZAR, as sole emperor.

775 AD-780 AD: Leo IV, the Khazar, became Byzantine Emperor. The short 30 year life of Leo IV (750 AD-780 AD), the KHAZAR, son of Emperor Constantine V (718 AD-775 AD) by his first wife, Irene, the Khazar (752 AD-803 AD), who was a KHAZAR princess, the daughter of KHAZAR ruler, Khagan Bihar. Irene (KHAZAR originally named Tzitzak) became empress by marriage to Eastern Roman Emperor Constantine V, ruler from 741 AD to 775 AD.

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776 AD Leo, the KHAZAR, followed the precedent set by his father and grandfather and appointed his son, Constantine VI, co-emperor at age 5. This was supported by the army, Senate, and citizens. So Leo’s young son Constantine VI, was crowned co-emperor, passing over the Caesar Nicephorus, a stepbrother of Leo who conspired with his half-brothers to stop LEO, the KHAZAR, but the this was suppressed, and the conspirators were exiled. Nikephoros, Leo the KHAZAR’S son (by another wife, possibly Eudokia), was blinded and exiled to a monastery for most of his life, probably dying on the Turkish island of Aphousia sometime around 812 AD.

776 AD-777 AD Leo the Khazar profited from discord among the Bulgars by granting the Bulgar khan Telerig asylum in Constantinople and marrying him to a Khazar cousin of his wife Irene. He also conducted three campaigns against the Arabs between 777 AD-780 AD. Telerig was ruler of Bulgaria between 768 AD–777 AD and was considered the immediate successor of Pagan, who was murdered in 768. 774 AD Byzantine Emperor Constantine, Leo the Khazar’s father embarked on a major attack against Bulgaria, leading his field army on land, and dispatching a fleet of two thousand ships carrying horsemen towards the Danube delta and Varna, but the emperor did not press his potential advantage and inexplicably retreated. Shortly afterwards the two sides signed a truce promising the cessation of hostilities. 774 Telerig sent an army of twelve thousand men to raid Berzitia, Macedonia and to transfer its population to Bulgaria. Collecting a large army of eighty thousand troops, Constantine V surprised the Bulgarians and won a resounding victory. The subsequent attack on Bulgaria failed, because the imperial fleet encountered contrary winds in the Black Sea. Unfortunately, for Telerig his loss put him in deep trouble in Bulgaria. So he begged Constantine V to help him flee Bulgaria and seek refuge with the emperor, even asking for hospitality and a list of Byzantine people who might help him, even after he had betrayed the treaty with Constantine. Oddly, Constantine agreed and betrayed his own agents in Bulgaria, who were then executed and NO Byzantine retaliation materialize as Constantine V died in 775. So Telerig found it necessary to flee to the new Byzantine emperor, Leo IV the Khazar in 777 AD, and amazingly, Telerig was granted asylum and even given a title (patrikios) and Telerig converted to Christianity with a new name of Theophylaktos and married a Khazar cousin of the Khazar Empress Irene, Leo the Khazars mother.

780 AD-797 AD KHAZAR Emperor Leo IV died in 780 AD at age of only 30 supposedly as a result of a fever brought on by precious stones in his crown, but more likely Leo the KHAZAR was murdered by his mother Irene the KHAZAR and her battery of criminals. Once Leo the KHAZAR was out-of-the-way, Irene the KHAZAR & Ruler Constantine VI (771 AD-790 AD) who only 9 became rulers of the BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Constantine VI was the only son of Leo IV, the KHAZAR, and had been Co-emperor since 776 AD when he was 5 years old. But because he was only 9, he was under the guidance of his mother, Irene the KHAZAR. In 787 AD Irene, the KHAZAR, called the Second Council of Nicaea which condemned her husbands practice of iconoclasm, and she restored the veneration of icons/pagan idols to Christian practice. Previously in 780 AD, Irene, the KHAZAR, had crushed what she thought was a plot to overthrow her and her son by the Iconoclasts, who opposed her CULT of icons (prohibited in 730 AD) and she believed they wanted to put Nicephorus, a son by Leo the KHAZAR’s other wife, on the throne.

787 AD-797 AD The more likely truth is that as Constantine VI approached maturity, he grew resentful of his mother’s controlling influence in the empire and attempted to remove her as Empress. But Irene, the KHAZAR, demanded the military sware an oath of loyalty to her as ruler. Anger at this demand, prompted the administrative divisions of Asia Minor to open resistance to Irene, the KHAZAR, in 790 and Constantine VI was proclaimed sole ruler and his mother was banished from court. But in early 792 AD, Irene was allowed to return to court and even to resume her position as co-ruler. Irene’s skillful intrigues with the bishops and courtiers enabled her to organized a conspiracy against her own son Constantine VI, who was arrested, blinded, and put in prison on his mother’s orders in 797 AD.

790 AD Irene was so hungry for power she accused her own son of being incapable of ruling. Irene the KHAZAR ordered the palace to overthrow her son, blind him, and toss him in prison. Constantine died most likely from his wounds within a year. A ruthlessness not uncommon amongst Khazar rulers!

797 AD-802 AD For five years, Irene, the Khazar Tzitzak, became sole Byzantine emperor with full power. In 798 AD she boldly opened diplomatic relations with the Western Emperor Charlemagne, and in 802 a marriage between her and Charlemagne was reportedly contemplated. Some Historians try to pretend this Irene was NOT the Khazar Tzitzak and try to argue she died at the birth of her son. In 802 AD, the officials and Generals after seeing Irene was such a vile power-hungry ruler, deposed her in a palace coup. Irene, the KHAZAR, was exiled first to the island of Prinkipo (now Turkish Island of Büyükada) and then to Greek Island Lesbos where she died in 803 AD. 802 AD Nicephorus I, the minister of finance under Irene, the KHAZAR, was placed on the throne and died in 811 AD.


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